When learning how to grow plants indoors with lights, it’€™s crucial to consider the stage of growth your plants will be in when consuming the light. Whether in a hydroponic, aeroponic, aquaponic or soil container garden, all plants require light for photosynthesis. The quality, spectrum and strength of your light will either positively influence your plants or hinder their natural abilities to thrive and grow.

Once your cuttings have fully rooted, they can begin the transition into their next stage of growth. For most growers and gardeners alike this would be the vegetative stage of growth. During the vegetative stage of growth the plant will continue to mature and grow in size. Once the plant has reached the desired size in the vegetative state it can then be transitioned into the flowering stage, where production of produce occurs. It can also be left in the vegetative state and used as a mother plant for preserving the genetic line.

Mother plants and donor plants need to remain in a constant vegetative state. Doing so allows for the healthiest cuttings and the highest liklihood for the vegetative propagation of its clones. It is essential to provide an adequate amount of light so your mother plants can maintain and sustain all their vegetation. By reducing or increasing the amount of light your donor plant receives you can slow or accelerate its growth. Providing more light will allow for faster growth. However, too much of a good thing can become a bad thing and leads to stress. Be sure that your indoor grow light systems provide good light for your mother plant so she can produce the best cuttings imaginable.

During the vegetative state, you have many options for your indoor lighting set up. LEDs, HID and florescence are all great options. Using a MH or Metal Halide HID bulb will produce a more blue spectrum, which is ideal. Using a HPS or High Pressure Sodium bulb will produce a more reddish orange spectrum, which is best saved for flowering. Many gardeners choose to vegitate under HPS lights as it reduces the amount of bulbs that they must purchase. One point to consider when vegging under an HPS is the lack of transition shock they will receive when they are induced into flower. By having two forms of change – amount of light and spectrum – you can decrease the amount of time it takes your plant to transition from vegetative growth to flowering. Shorter cycles are nothing to complain about!